INTRODUCTION

Natural resources

Khanh Hoa is South central coastal province which has many natural resources, particularly mineral resources, marine resources and forest resources.


Khanh Hoa marine potential. Photo: Vu Ngoc Hoang.

Marine resources

Along the coast of Khanh Hoa, there are many beautiful beaches such as Nha Trang beach in the heart of the city; Bai Tien beach in the North of city; Doc Let belongs to Ninh Hoa town with the length of 4km; Dai Lanh belongs to Van Ninh district with the length of nearly 3km. Besides, along the coast, there are many big and small islands where can organize scuba diving tours, entertainment on these islands. In particular, Hon Tre is the large island, throughout the year there are many beautiful beaches, such as Bai Tru, Bai Tre, Bich Dam...

Ecologically, Nha Trang Bay is one of the rare natural models in systems of bays in the world because it has most typical and rare ecosystems in tropical waters. That's wetland ecosystems, coral reefs, mangroves, sea grass beds, estuaries ecosystems, island ecosystems, marine ecosystems of coastal sand-banks. In particular, the area of Hon Mun in Nha Trang has the highest biological diversity with 350 species of reef coral making up 40% coral in the worldwide.


 Doc Let Bech – Ninh Hoa (From: nhatrangphoto.net)
 
Salt in Hon Khoi. Photo: Nguyen Anh.

Marine reserve of Khanh Hoa water territory is about 150 thousand tons, in which mainly is pelagic fish (70%). Annually, the capability allows 70,000 tons. Besides the seafood as fish, cuttlefish and snails, Khanh Hoa is also the bird nest’s residence place; annually allow exploiting about 2,000 kg of nests. This is a specialty that not any province in the whole country can get. It not only contributes to the export but also the valuable material source for senior nutritious pharmaceutical processing industry.

Khanh Hoa Sea also has meaning in producing salt. Sea water has a relatively high salt concentration, creating favorable condition to produce concentration salt and products after salt, especially industrial salt.


Hon Mun Island 

Forest resources

The forest area is 186.5 thousand hectares, 18.5 million m3 of timber volume, in which 64.8% are production forests, 34% are protection forests and 1.2% are special-use forest. Protection forests have 34%, but most of the forest is rich in high mountain areas, in riverhead of Khanh Vinh, Khanh Son district and Ninh Hoa town. Forest coverage is 38.5%, the largest is in Khanh Vinh and Khanh Son. Besides, Khanh Hoa also has about 104 hectares of mangroves scattered in the coastal region of Van Phong, Nha Phu lagoon, Vinh Truong estuary (Nha Trang), Thuy Trieu lagoon and Cam Ranh Bay with about 34 species mangrove such as Mangroves, Rhizophora mucronata, Sonneratia, Avicennia alba, Avicennia marina...


Phuoc Dong Mangroves. 
 
Hon Tre Island

It is said that Khanh Hoa is one of the centers of forest biodiversity, including many migratory components from many different flows from North to South, including the South of China, Indonesia, Malaysia, including many rare native species. According to the Institute for Surveying and Planning (1996), the whole province has 1,035 species of plant belonging to 559 genera and 161 families. Only Hon Ba has 595 species in 401 genera and 120 families accounted for 57% of the province's plants.

The abundance of forest biological special of Khanh Hoa is known for the diversity of genetic resources, in which are featured as agarwood tree (Aquilaria crassna), is the species provide famous agarwood products at home and abroad.

 
Vikoda mineral water – Danh Thanh (From: danhthanh.com.vn)

Mineral resources

Khanh Hoa has many kinds of minerals such as peat, molybdenum, kaolin, clay, gold placer, mineral water, fire clay, sand, coral, stone ..., in which the most notable is the white sand in Cam Ranh to meet the requirements of optical glass manufacturer, crystal ... reserves of 52.2 million m3; sand in Hon Gom peninsula, Van Ninh district is about 555 million m3; inmenhit 26 thousand tons; Granite 2 billion tons.

Mineral water with the total flow is about 40 L/s, the exploitation of 3400-3500 m3/day. Some places were put into industrial exploitation as Danh Thanh mineral water (57 million liters/ year).

Khanh Hoa mineral resources are one of the resources that can continue to exploit in the future to develop competitive products market.

MY HAU

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